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Enamel Hypoplasia in Children’s Teeth

October 28, 2023 5:11 pm

Tooth enamel, the white outer surface that covers the teeth, is the hardest substance in the body. Although it is strong, issues with enamel can develop. One condition is called enamel hypoplasia.

What is Enamel Hypoplasia?

Enamel hypoplasia is a developmental defect that affects the enamel, the outermost layer of teeth. It occurs when the enamel doesn’t form properly, resulting in thin, weak, or pitted enamel. This can leave the teeth vulnerable to sensitivity, discoloration, and decay. Enamel hypoplasia can be caused by various factors, such as nutritional deficiencies, certain medications, and genetics.

Preventing Enamel Hypoplasia

While a genetic predisposition to enamel issues cannot be prevented, there are some steps you can take to prevent environmental causes of enamel hypoplasia. For example:

  • Balanced Diet – Provide your child with a balanced diet rich in vitamins and minerals, including calcium and vitamin D, which are crucial for enamel development.
  • Safe Fluoride Exposure – Fluoridated toothpaste can help fortify teeth against sensitivity and decay. Children under 3 years old only need to brush with a dab of toothpaste the size of a grain of rice. Children over 3 years old can use a pea-sized amount. Fluoride is also found in many sources of tap water.
  • Good Oral Hygiene – Teach your child good oral hygiene habits from an early age, including daily brushing and flossing. This also includes taking them to the dentist every six months.

Managing Enamel Hypoplasia

If your child develops enamel hypoplasia, it’s essential to manage the condition to prevent further complications. Some treatments our dentist may recommend to manage enamel hypoplasia include professional fluoride treatments (where we apply a vanish of concentrated fluoride to your child’s teeth), dental sealants in the grooves of your child’s molars, and/or restorative dentistry to reinforce and repair affected teeth.

Comprehensive Dental Care in Murfreesboro, TN

Enamel hypoplasia is a serious dental condition that can negatively impact oral health. Our team at Salem Creek Family Dental can help prevent this issue and recommend necessary intervention. Please contact us to learn more about promoting strong and healthy teeth for your child!

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